What is the Capital of Missouri?

If you are curious about the capital of Missouri, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about Missouri’s capital city, from its history and geography to its culture and attractions. So, sit back, relax, and let’s dive into the capital of Missouri.


Missouri is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is known for its diverse geography, rich history, and vibrant culture. One of the most important cities in Missouri is its capital, Jefferson City. This city is home to many historic sites, museums, and cultural events, making it a popular destination for tourists and residents alike.

What is the Capital of Missouri?

The capital of Missouri is Jefferson City. It is located in the central part of the state and has a population of around 43,000 people. Jefferson City is named after Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States. It is known for its historic architecture, museums, and outdoor recreation opportunities.

History of Jefferson City

Jefferson City has a rich history that dates back to the early 1800s. In 1821, Missouri was admitted as a state to the Union, and the first state capital was located in St. Charles. However, due to its location near the Missouri River, St. Charles was prone to flooding, and the capital was moved to Jefferson City in 1826.

Over the years, Jefferson City has played an important role in the development of Missouri and the United States. During the Civil War, it was the site of several important battles and was occupied by both Union and Confederate troops at various times. In the 20th century, it became an important center for state government and politics.

Geography of Jefferson City

Jefferson City is located in the central part of Missouri, on the northern bank of the Missouri River. It covers an area of approximately 37 square miles and is situated in a hilly, wooded area. The city has a humid continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.

Culture and Attractions

Jefferson City is home to a rich cultural heritage and a variety of attractions that reflect its history and geography. Some of the popular attractions in Jefferson City include:

Missouri State Capitol

The Missouri State Capitol is located in the heart of Jefferson City and is one of the most recognizable landmarks in the city. It was completed in 1917 and features a distinctive dome that is visible from miles away. Visitors can take guided tours of the Capitol building and learn about the history of Missouri’s government.

Governor’s Mansion

The Governor’s Mansion is located in the historic district of Jefferson City and is the official residence of the Governor of Missouri. It was completed in 1871 and has served as the home of Missouri’s governors for over 140 years. Visitors can take guided tours of the Mansion and learn about its history and architecture.

Missouri State Penitentiary Museum

The Missouri State Penitentiary Museum is located in the former Missouri State Penitentiary, which was once one of the largest and most notorious prisons in the United States. The museum features exhibits and artifacts that tell the story of the prison and its inmates, including famous outlaws such as Jesse James and Charles “Pretty Boy” Floyd.

Katy Trail State Park

The Katy Trail State Park is a popular outdoor recreation area that stretches for 240 miles across Missouri. It follows the route of the former Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad and offers opportunities for hiking, biking, and wildlife viewing.


  1. What is the population of Jefferson City? The estimated population of Jefferson City in 2020 was around 43,000 people.
  2. What are some famous tourist attractions in Jefferson City? Some of the most famous tourist attractions in Jefferson City include the Missouri State Capitol, Missouri Governor’s Mansion, Jefferson City National Cemetery, and the Missouri State Penitentiary Museum.
  3. What is the weather like in Jefferson City? Jefferson City experiences four distinct seasons with hot and humid summers and cold winters. The average temperature in July is 78°F (25.6°C), and the average temperature in January is 28°F (-2.2°C).
  4. What is the economy like in Jefferson City? Jefferson City has a diverse economy that includes government jobs, healthcare, education, manufacturing, and retail. The largest employers in the city are the Missouri state government, Capital Region Medical Center, and Jefferson City Public Schools.
  5. How do I get to Jefferson City? Jefferson City is accessible by car via Interstate 70 or US Route 54. The nearest airports to Jefferson City are the Columbia Regional Airport, which is about 30 miles away, and the Lambert-St. Louis International Airport, which is about 120 miles away.
  6. What is the history of Jefferson City? Jefferson City was founded in 1821 and became the capital of Missouri in 1826. The city played an important role in the Civil War, serving as a supply depot for the Union Army. Today, Jefferson City is known for its rich history and preserved architecture.


In conclusion, Jefferson City is the capital of Missouri, located in the central part of the state. The city has a rich history, diverse economy, and many tourist attractions. Whether you are a history buff, outdoor enthusiast, or just looking for a new place to visit, Jefferson City has something to offer. So next time you find yourself wondering what is the capital of Missouri, remember that it is the vibrant and historic city of Jefferson City.

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